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Windsor Bench

Windsor Bench View Interactive Version ]

On April 2, 1798, Jefferson purchased a Windsor bench from a noted Philadelphia maker of Windsor furniture, Lawrence Allwine. He noted in his Memorandum book, "gave Lawrence Allwine ord. on Barnes for 26 D. for a stick sopha and mattras." The couch, with turned stretchers and six bamboo legs (later shortened) with casters, was eventually placed near his chair to support his legs while he read or wrote in the Cabinet at Monticello. Both ends were cut out to allow the round bottom of the chair to fit against the couch. The present red leather mattress is a replacement.

Initially, Jefferson may have used the Windsor chair with a sack back Windsor chair with a writing arm, but later he used the bench with a revolving, or Whirligig, chair that was made by Thomas Burling.1

Once some shipping difficulties were resolved, the bench presumably arrived at Monticello later in 1798.2 In 1800, Jefferson wrote his son-in-law, Thomas Mann Randolph, to find a book catalogue, and said that it might be found "under the window by the red couch in the cabinet."3

Allwine, who also made his own patented paint, made Windsor chairs in Philadelphia between 1786 and 1800. In the Aurora, May 3, 1800, Allwine advertised that he made paints for ships, buildings, and furniture superior for its brilliance and durability. The "stick sopha" was Jefferson's only known purchase from him.

Artist/MakerLawrence Allwine
Origin/PurchasePhiladelphia, PA
Object TypeFurniture and Lighting
Materialsblack paint on unidentified wood
Dimensions14 3/8 x 53 1/2 x 23 in.


  1. Charles L. Granquist, Jr., Thomas Jefferson's 'Whirligig' chairs, 1059.
  2. Charles L. Granquist, Jr., Thomas Jefferson's 'Whirligig' chairs, 1060.
  3. Thomas Jefferson to Thomas Mann Randolph, 25 November 1800, American Memory Project - The Thomas Jefferson Papers.

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